Batman Universitesi Yasam Bilimleri Dergisi
Cilt 7, Sayı 1/1 (Sosyal Bilimler)  Ocak - Haziran 2017  (ISSN: 2147-4877, E-ISSN: 2459-0614)
Mahfuz ZARİÇ

NO Makale Adı
1475733750 Formula “Bismillahirrahmanirrahim” In Line Art II: Designing Calligraphy and Techniques

There is an enormous wealth in calligraphic art on Islamic civilization unlike the abstinence to three-dimensional plastic arts. The term of “Besmele” that translates as “In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.” has been seemed very important in the Islamic civilization in the many fields of life. Accordingly the penmen have given very prominent to penning Besmele in the line art of Islam named “Hatt”. The calligraphers have almost contested with each other for the sake of penning aesthetic patterns of Besmele. Some methods have been used in creating calligraphies like stacking, "müselsel"/adjoining writing, reflecting line's appear/making "müsenna", justifying line side to side, highlighting letters "elif" and "lam". We can see in Besmele’s techniques such as fluffing-carving, writing very thin/"gubarî", filografi, calligraphy-picture and “ebru/marbling”-picture combinations.
Key Words: Islamic line art, Besmele, aesthetic