Summary: From the Neolithic Era that they emerged, in various geographies and by various civilisations seals had been used as a symbol of power, ownership and status for many yeras. The depictions and texts which were engraved to the seals gives us impartant informations about life styles, belief systems, senses of art and many topics related to the civilisations that they were belong to.
Latest studies which were held in Near-East shows that the emergence of the examples of the first seal dates back to the late 8th millennium B.C. Seals are not only reflect the reality,ownership and social status but also they are a kind of precaution against an unusual situation like theft.
Seals had been widely used by Urartians between 900-600 B.C. Urartian seals/stamps which have an important place in Anatolian seal development holds a very important position in terms of form, depictions engraved on it and crafting techniques.
“Sacred Tree” and “Goat” depicted on the Hemispherical shaped stamp seal which were brought through purchase to the Diyarbakır Museum and which has 13/63/77 inventory number. Description which is frequently used in Urartian art is very important and remarkable for seal craft. This seal is of 1.7 cm high and 1.5 cm width. It has two holes and one side of the hole is bigger than the other side. These holes collaterally connect with the other side of the hole. The diameter of the bigger hole is 0.4 cm and the diameter of the smaller hole is 0, 3.5 cm. On the stamp side there is a stylized ibex (mountain goat) facing to the secred tree. Horn is long and downward curved. The body and the legs are lank, the tail is short and upward curved.
Secred tree and goat depictions which are popularly crafted in Urartian art appear as a result of cultural interactions between Assyrians’ and Urartians’. Sacred tree depictions which are described in various styles in Urartian art bear religious meanings in addition to their protection aim. The goat and secred tree depictions taking place on the seal that examined by us are expressions symbolizing action of life cycle.
Key Words: Seal, Diyarbakır Museum, Urartian, Stamp Seal, Sacred Tree, Ibex (mountain goat)