ABSTRACT: In this study, the top 10 leading countries for the pistachio production in the world will be compared in terms of values of the statistical data recorded on the pistachio production amount, the production area and the total number of trees (Anonymous, 2016A). World Pistachio production of 2013 is 916.921 tons; Iran ranks first with 478.600 tons, the United States ranked second with 196.988 tons and Turkey ranks third with 88.600 tons. Yield fluctuation between on and off years have occurred between 12.5-66.6% due to the periodicity problems in the varieties grown in our pistachio orchards. The average rate for the 10 years fluctuation is 36% reduction. This rate was 28% in the US, but it has been reported to be a 39% decrease just for 2004 in Iran, which was on the top of the table in production. The increases for the production areas from 2003 to 2013 in Turkey, Iran and the United States were 16.81 ha, 52.225 ha and 48.410 ha, respectively. By examining the causes for increase or decrease between the years 2003-2013, positive or negative occurring in production has been tried to be highlighted in terms of Turkey's strategy to be applied pistachio cultivation. It was also made on a number of briefings on rootstocks and varieties planted orchards in Iran, the US and Turkey, which produces more than 90% of the world total production.
Keyword: Pistachio, Periodicity, Production, Area.