Throughout the history, every state has seen it necessary to conduct population censuses in order to ascertain the power it holds at different periods of its existence. The rationale behind this is the fact that the results obtained from the censuses constitute important data which reflect the economic and social power of the states. Thus, having a high population rate has often meant a sign of being a strong state, and states have shaped their plans in line with their human resources. Accordingly, wars, expansionist policies and the policies pursued for proliferating the resources have always been formed on the same ground of human concept.
Although the population growth was one of the most important goals of the states during the first periods of the history, numerous politicians and intellectuals advocated the view that the population increase was seriously dangerous, and constantly reiterated the warning that it would split the wealth. Within this context, while the literature encompasses not only the studies proving that the population will create economic dangers, but also researches arguing the contrary that the economy and population are not interrelated. However, a direct proportional relation between resources possessed and the number of people sharing these resources emerges as an inevitable reality.
Keywords: Population, Population Policy, Turkey, Development Plan, Economy