There is an enormous wealth in calligraphic art on Islamic civilization unlike the abstinenceto three-dimensional plastic arts.
The term of “Besmele” that translates as “In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.” has been seemed very important in the Islamic civilization in the many field of life. Accordingly the penmen have given very prominent to penning Besmele in the line art of Islam named “Hatt”. The calligraphers have almost contested with each other for the sake of penning aesthetic patterns of Besmele.
The calligraphers have penned the sorts of Besmele in this context like especially fonts “kûfî, ma’kıl’î; muhakkak, reyhanî; sülüs, nesih; tevki’, rikaa’ ” that had been named as six pen/Aklâm-ısitte and “ta’lîk, divanî, rik’a” that had been occurred after six pen/Aklâm-ısitte from sixteenth century to date.
The basic aim of this article is endearing line art to people will be interested in İslamic line art and show imagination power of calligraphers in the context of historical development of this art.
Key Words: Islamic line art, Besmele, aesthetic, six pens/Aklâm-ı sitte.