The ‘‘strategy’’, a concept comes from the military literature, has been used in the fied of military, public sector and competitive market from 3000 B.C. to present-day. The entry of strategy into the public management literature exactly, occurred early 1980’s, as a result of reform movements in public administration after negative effects in public services such as inefficiency, inefficiency, clumsiness. In this period, all of theorists, politicians and practitioners started to adopt ideas on the case of adopting the management models based private sector to public management, could bring success. As a result of this, the approach of New Public Management, adopting principles such as effectiveness, efficiency, transparency, accountability and models such as strategic management and performance evaluation, started to take the place of Traditional Theory in public management. Strategic management, involved in the public administration with the new public management paradigm, increased its importance in public in time and started to be implemented in a common manner in local governments. Nowadays, many global cities such as New York, Toronto, London and Sydney, try to predispose their organizational structure with strategic management. In this article, the strategic management processes of Toronto and Sydney local governments are analyzed in a comparative way. In this manner, it is aimed to put the similarities and differences of both cities’ processes clearly.
Keywords: Strategy, strategic management, strategic management in public, strategic management in Toronto and Sydney local governments.