The Collapse of the Berlin Wall and dissolution of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics has changed the whole global political system. This also has required new paradigmatic approaches especially related to global systemic structure. Therefore, it was very crucial to exceed traditional international relations theories. Huntington’s article or thesis, ‘The Clash of Civilizations?” has been asserted to meet this academic or political requirement. After Huntington’s study, that has created deep reactions and discussions, it was very important to understand new global political tendencies. One of the main functions of Huntington’s thesis was to explain chaotic transition process of post-Cold War. According to this, ideological polarizations will be replaced by clashes of civilizations. These conflicts would occur between Western and Islamic Civilizations in religious and cultural view. In this transformation process nation-states will extend the status of being main actor in the global system, but their traditional structure of sovereignty will be eroded. They also continue to function under umbrella of their civilizations. The main purpose of this study is to analyze Huntington’s ‘Clash of Civilizations’ paradigm within the framework of “Civilization” and to make predictions for the future of civilization. In this general context, firstly, Huntington’s ‘Clash of Civilizations’ paradigm will be discussed. Secondly, Huntington’s concept of ‘civilization’ will be examined with in its semantic dimensions. Thirdly, the strengths and weaknesses of Huntington’s paradigm will be compared. Finally, the future of civilizations will be examined.
Key Words: Clash of Civilizations, Civilization, Security