Main materials in production of plastic art tile mud to be used on lathe or mold are clay, kaolin and carbonated materials. Grinding, resting, filter press and vacuum press create the main production stages. The moisture content of mud is pretty important and the major fact directing this situation is the filter press. In this preliminary work, which aims to increase the production efficiency by reducing the moisture content, a representative recipe created by consideration of other formulas used by the major enterprises in Kütahya (Turkey) and a new recipe including less clay and more non-plastic materials have been prepared for the investigation and reclamation of the moisture contents of the filter press mud cakes. Additionally, drying shrinkage (150oC), firing shrinkage (1050-1080oC), firing color, glaze conformity (910-920oC) and forming performance of the mud (prepared using two recipes) were examined in order to determine the industrial applicability of the new recipe.
Keywords: Art tile, Filter Press, Production Efficiency.