In the preservation of cultural heritage, negative human impact can include false conservation techniques, uninformed urbanization “visitors-tourism restricted” employment of unskilled persons, insufficient lows, lack of intervention and prosecutions, illegal excavations and illicit traffic of cultural objects. Armed conflict which is one of the biggest destructive effects to cultural heritage is also among human effects.
Two kinds of natural effects to cultural heritage exist; first category include natural disaster such as, earthquake and flood ;second category includes environmental effects such as pollution, climate change and desertification. Protection of tangible and intangible cultural and natural heritage against risks needs to take priority in risk management. In this article, some suggestions on risk management of tangible and intangible cultural heritage are given with regards to international projects and activities of Friends of Cultural Heritage (FOCUH)..
Key Words: Cultural heritage, destruction, international legislations risk, risk management