Batman Universitesi Yasam Bilimleri Dergisi
www.yasambilimleridergisi.com
Cilt 2, Sayı 1  Temmuz-Aralık 2012  (ISSN: 2147-4877, E-ISSN: 2459-0614)
Ebru ORAL

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1362077652 ICONOGRAPHIC AND ICONOLOGIC EVALUATION OF THE LION DEMONS LOCATED AT THE YAZILIKAYA ROOM B ENTRANCE

The word “demon” is used to represent mixed supernatural beings. Demons have been mentioned in detail in the Hittite depiction art forms and written records. The most crucial information on the religious believes of the Hittite societies come from the Yazilikaya open-air temple. The room that is located in the West of the Yazilikaya open-air temple is described as the Room A, while the room in the East is defined as Room B. In Room A, various gods and godesses were described in procession. According to researchers, Room A of the Yazilikaya had been defined as the “ House of New Year’s Celebrations”. In room B entrance, which has stone stairs, two statutes depciting lion headed, human bodied and winged mixed beings attract attention. The other glyphs that are described in Room B include twelve gods and god of underworld, Nergal. At the east rock side of the Room B, glyphs of God Sarrumma and king IV. Tuthaliya are seen. It is thought that Room B is a temple of dead for the cult of the king. It is thought that the lion demons described in the Yazilikaya Room B represent mixed beings that were linked with the underworld. These thoughts are supported by the presence of glymphs representing Underwold God Nergal and twelve gods. Because it is believed that the Godess of Sun had visited the underworld after the sundown, it is thought that the lion demons are mixed beings that are connected to the Godess of Sun.