Named as the Hellenistic period by modern historians starting in
early 334 BC with Alexander the Great until the Battle of Actium in 30 BC ,
comprehensive literature review of Hellenistic Age coins published in the official
collections and a variety of private museums were examined and compared with
the coins in Diyarbakir and Mardin Museums
A Coin is precious metal coin from ancient times minted gold, silver,
copper, bronze, brass,tin to a certain extent, in the state guaranteed with the
official stamp invented in 7th century BC, by the Lydians in Anatolia used as a
useful for the current trade exchange in place of bartering in primitive eras.
At the same time the coins provides information about the communities who
lived centuries ago and also they are historic documentary evidences.
Figures on the front and rear faces of the coins, inscriptions, alloy used in the
coins, metal or construction specifications, weight, the geometrical shape of the
coin, the coin unit, the city minted , diameter and thickness, are differ in the
period of sovereignty of each king .
Hellenistic kings established mints and issued money for their names to keep
alife the commercial life in cities they built and meet the needs of public and to
provide supply to army. printing had implemented on their behalf. Utilization
of paid military troops in military movements and then demobilization of the
troops, played an important role in the circulation of coins. This conclusion
is.examined after the samples obtained from museums in Diyarbakir and Mardin.