The region situating on the basin of the Batman and Garzan Creeks,
which are the branches of the Tigris River, has been center for various civilizations
throughout the history. The history of the Batman Province, which is the urban
center of the region, dates back to the Sumerians. In the region of Garzan and Raman
there are various legendary and folk beliefs which are the symbolic narrations of the
times when science was absent among the human beings in the Universe and of the
thoughts and emotions regarding the events and existence in the Universe.
The formation of the Meva and Samika Mountains is a legend that has been narrated
in the Cukuryurt village of Gercus Town. The legend about the formation of these
two mountains has been related to the life of the lovers who were unable to be
together for various reasons. The legend about the Mereto Mountain was one of the
‘deluge legends’ that has been existed in the memory of the public. The narration
about the “Stone with hole” in Sason is another reflection of the holy mountains and
the belief of extraordinary creatures living there. Beliefs about mountains and stones
have an important function in being protected from the evil eye and having cured
via incantation. The shrines and tombs regarded as holy places by the people in the
region of Garzan and Raman are located on the hills and mountains. Their locations
on the mountains and hills are one of motives of the Anatolian folk culture.
The narratives and beliefs about the water cult in the region still preserve their
existence as the important elements of the culture. One of those beliefs is about the
Lake. It is believed that the Lake of Kırkat in the town of Gercus takes the life of the
person whose name was called by it.
In this paper, the function of the mountain and water cult in the legends and folk
beliefs of the the Garzan and Raman region will be explained by analyzing the related