The concept of globalization has been one of the most controversial issue in
the field of social sciences. Even if the historical background of the term goes hundreds
of years; conceptual approaches to the subject gained momentum especially in
the nineties years. One of the most crucial problems related to the term is uni - dimensional
approach which ignore multidimensionality of it. For some, globalization can
be seen as human rights, freedom, democracy etc., For others it means colonialism,
imperialism, Americanization, neo capitalism, anti-nation-state. It is not correct to say
that all concepts of globalization are uni-dimensional. There are also multi-dimensional
approaches on the phenomenon of globalization. Accordingly, term symbolize
a process that has multiple features such as economic, social, political, technological,
ecological, cultural, historical etc. Most outstanding feature of globalization could be
seen on definitional frame which reflects the presence of many conflicting perspectives.
These definitions could be divided into three main categories; positive approaches
to the phenomenon of globalization, negative approaches and holistic paradigms.