In this study, we will point out the relation of history with culture, which is one
of the distinctive features of a society and a nation from other societies and nations, and
the civilization concept that is accepted as a higher stage in the lives of these societies.
The works of Turkish intellectuals who have written books about these concepts, such as
Mustafa Reşid Paşa, Abdullah Cevdet Paşa, Ziya Gökalp, Mehmet Akif Ersoy, Mustafa
Kemal Atatürk, Mümtaz Turhan, Bahaeddin Ögel, Erol Güngör, Cemil Meriç, Sabri
Akdeniz, Şerafettin Turan coming from Ottoman and Republic terms will be investigated.
Turkish Nation has established governments in different centuries and in different
geographies. For this reason, when we look at Turkish Nation, we can see that Turkish
Nation has faced with different cultures and civilizations. Turkish Nation has entered
into steppe culture and civilization before Islam, and then they have entered into Islamic
culture and civilization, and finally entered into western culture and civilization in the
last terms of Ottoman Government since XIXth century. In this concept, they have been
affected from these cultures and civilizations .In this study; the subjects such as 2200 years
governing experience having Turks’ cultural and civil interaction in the terms mentioned
above, and these composes the base of Turks and Turkey History directly, also the bases
which our culture and civilization are leaning on are or will be the movement base of the
change and innovation of the human societies, especially our society, will be pointed out.