Batman Universitesi Yasam Bilimleri Dergisi
www.yasambilimleridergisi.com
Cilt 1, Sayı 1  Ocak-Haziran 2012  (ISSN: 2147-4877, E-ISSN: 2459-0614)
Hacali Necefoğlu, Azize Necefoğlu

NO Makale Adı
1356265742 Crystallographic Patterns in Architectural Monuments of Batman Region

The Azerbaijani professor of crystallography Khudu Mamedov who
first inserted the term “crystallographic patterns” in scientific literature was
characterized these kind of patterns that is widespread in Turkish world as follow:
the edge of ornament elements draws the edge of the figure; maximal compactness
of the ornament elements; the lack of background or transformation of background
to ornament elements; minimization of the variety of ornament elements; symmetry
is not used for form creation, in the process of the construction of crystallographic
patterns, symmetry appears as a result of combination, not as a means of its formation
that is characteristic of other ornaments. The symmetry of these kind of patterns are
similar to the symmetry that is in the structure of natural crystal substances. The
construction principles of crystallographic patterns are similar to the formation
principles of crystals. The patterns that are made of plain geometric polygons are
very widespread in architectural monuments. The patterns that are made of plain
geometric formations such as triangle, quadrangle, hexagon are equivalent to the
crystal structure of some inorganic compounds. The patterns that are made of Arabic
letters and figures that are complicated as Arabic letters are similar to the structure
of organic substances. Both kind of crystallographic patterns are found abundantly
in the architectural monuments in Batman and the vicinity of it. In the report the
reasons of similarity with crystal structure and crystallographic patterns, the history
of these kind of patterns, expanding geography, information about effect areas of
crystallographic patterns are given and the examples of crystallographic patterns
that are widespread in architectural monuments in Batman and the vicinity of it is
considered by visual demonstration materials. Furthermore the application of these
and similar to these kind of patterns into handicrafts are demonstrated with concrete
examples.