Batman Universitesi Yasam Bilimleri Dergisi
Cilt 1, Sayı 1  Ocak-Haziran 2012  (ISSN: 2147-4877, E-ISSN: 2459-0614)
Esra Yıldız

NO Makale Adı
1356261034 Philosophical Bases of Culture

All of the changes that man living in community has undergone throughout
history take place in the scope of philosophy of culture. Dealing with everything
related to human, human society and humanity, the philosophy of culture has a
special position among the other disciplines of philosophy, the subjects of which are
limited in a certain way, and this position makes the philosophy of culture different
from all other disciplines of philosophy and enables it to embrace all of them as well.
Herder is the first philosopher to have used culture as a term of philosophy. Herder
used culture as the universal name of all activities that communities did in order
to leave their states of nature, reach the aims they considered as efficacious, good
and right and achieve these aims. Language, religion, technique, art, economy, myth,
science and philosophy are the components of culture. With this aspect, culture is
firstly historical and the product of man, the only being to be able to change nature
according to his own benefits, intents and aims. Therefore, the philosophy dealing
with culture is a philosophy of culture and a philosophy of man as well.