Batman Universitesi Yasam Bilimleri Dergisi
Cilt 1, Sayı 1  Ocak-Haziran 2012  (ISSN: 2147-4877, E-ISSN: 2459-0614)

NO Makale Adı
1356256154 Transcultural Nursing

Health was defined as “a state of complete physical, mental and social
well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” by World Health
Organization (WHO) in 1974. Disease was defined as imbalance in the spiritual,
physical and social condition of human organism due to various reasons. Disease can
not be regarded as a biological process alone since it is both a social and a cultural
phenomenon. A situation considered as a disease in one society can not be considere
as a disease in another society. In different cultures acceptance of an individual as a
patient is evaluated according to some measures. These measures can be seen when
we look at the definition of culture. Culture is defined as values, beliefs, attitudes
and behaviors, customs and traditions that is learned, shared, passed down over
generations by a group of people.
When we look at health care professionals nurses turn out to be most interfering
with health service users. Nurses work at places with very different culture than the
culture they grew up and serve people with different beliefs and attitudes. Nurses
have to adhere to the ethical guidelines declared by International Council of Nurses
( ICN ) while serving. ICN Code of Ethics indicates that the need for nursing is
universal and there is value and respect regardless of nation, language, religion, sex,
creed, age, political affiliation and social status to human life and human rights in
the essence of nursing. Nursing is basically a cultural phenomenon and the patient’s
cultural values, beliefs and practices is an important part of holistic nursing care.
Because of this, concept of culture-sensitive nursing care emerged. Transcultural care
is a nursing care that is sensitive to needs of individuals and families from different
cultures groups of society. Humanistic approach has been effective in the progress of
transcultural nursing approach. The aim of transcultural nursing care is to improve
transcultural nursing knowledge, use this knowledge in the nursing practices and
integrate trunscultural concepts, theories and practices to nursing education, research
and clinical practices. Transcultural nursing is crucial since the disease and health has
emotional, social, behavioral and spiritual aspects. Disease and health status differs
for different cultural groups.