Salt is not only the sole mineral rock consumed by human beings since time immemorial
but it is also an important chemical and industrial substance. Terminologically
speaking, it is termed as “halite”. It is transparent and colorless when gathered in pure
form while, in nature, its color may vary from gray, yellow, blue, green or orange in nature.
Its hardness is 2.5 and the density of 2.168 g/cm3. Salt, available both as liquid and
solid in nature, It is obtained from four different sources; seas, rocks, springs and lakes.
It has managed to preserve its importance in playing a considerable role in the history
of humankind although the time when it first began to be consumed in Anatolia has not
been precisely dated. However, there are some scientists who contend that it was among
the products used for barter in the obsidian trade, which was practiced in the majority of
Anatolia in the Neolithic Period. On the other hand, cuneiform tablets show us that salt
trade was practiced in the Hittites Period and the legal rules thereof were determined in
the Hittite Period. In later periods: Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman States, this
adventure of salt in Anatolia has left traces on the cultural elements as well. There is a large
number of proverbs, idioms as well as also the subject of poems and songs about salt.