Paper is among one of the decisive inventions of humankind and has remarks
on transferring the knowledge and on civilizations’ progress. The crude material of the
paper is a fiber comprised of cellulose. The fibers that have been obtained from trees and
other plants have been being formed as a paper pulp in different qualities via variety
of technological methods. The oldest creature producing paper by using cellulose is
social wasps. Both human and wasps’ paper producing technologies are similar. The
social wasps make the irnest comprised of combs by using paper pulp produced by
themselves. They chew the plant fibers that have been scraped from the plants’ surface,
by mixing with their saliva. Then they built the irnest by shaping the glued produced
paper pulp particulars with their saliva. Nest’ssurface is being protected from external
influences by coated with saliva. In any wasp nest, the quality of the paper depends
on wasps’ fiber selection, duration of chewing of the fiber by wasp, amount of saliva
used in adhering fiber, paper thickness and inorganic materials added to paper pulp.
Last but not least; the quality of paper might be varying depending on the different
functional parts of the nest.
Paper engineering in Social Wasps is highly interesting subject. In this study, information
about wasp’ nest building, paper production and paper quality will be provided while
focusing on the similarities between humankind and wasp’ paper production techniques.