Turkey has several different regions which are sutiable for orcharding
because of the challenging ecological conditions. It looks like a natural museum
from the gene’s sources point of view. Although the regions are named according to
geographical locations, in the past, some researchers named them based on the growing
fruit species on the regions such as the hazelnuts-teaclimate (the Black sea region),
the citrus climate (the Mediterrenean region), the fig-olive climate (theEgeanregion),
the pistachio-vitis climate (the South east of Anatolia), the pearclimate (the central
Anatolia region). As a result of its characteristic climate, Turkey is in the forefront in
terms of production and export of some fruit species, and she produces 14 million ton
products in the 48 million hectares, and earned nearly 2 billion $ in revenue in 2009.
The South east of Anatolia which is the oldest known place for the cultivation of plants
in the world, is at the forefrontfortheproduction of grapes, pistachios as well as olives.
The province of Batman which does not attract atttention in terms of the amout of the
agricultural production, has hot and dry in summer and marked by rainfall, hard and
cold in winters. The annual rainfall is about 750-1000 mm in the province of Batman
and it is called remote Mediterrenean climate. According to the 2010 data published
on specific fruits, specsifically grapes (8.805 ton), walnut (1.039 ton), pistachio (723
ton), almond (544 ton) were reported. In addition to this, the province of Batman
has a big potential in order to produce its own fruit demand when the potential for
the orcharding are evaluated for soft seeded and some subtropical fruit types. In the
context of this point, this study aims to recover the present orcharding state and form
an estimate of whatkind of working order for the orcharding in thefuture. We also
think that there will be a significant contribution in order to direct the future activities
and an evaluation of the present of orcharding potential.