Batman Universitesi Yasam Bilimleri Dergisi
Cilt 1, Sayı 2  Ocak-Haziran 2012  (ISSN: 2147-4877, E-ISSN: 2459-0614)
Ahmet Onay, Hakan Yıldırım, ......

NO Makale Adı
1356026882 Commercial Mass Propagation of Plants Via Biotechnological Tools: Current Situation and Future Investment

The aim of this study is to implement awareness about the biotechnological
tools for in vitro mass propagation of plants, and to bring to the agenda what kind
of function they may have in the future. Rapid increase in the world population
necessitate more nutrition and medicine for humankind and this makes life hard for
plant scientist. There is an increasing trend for the application of biotechnological
tools because it plays an important role for the production of cheap nutrition,
medicine and other needs as time goes on. However, plant biotechnology including
various tissue culture and genetic engineering techniques have important tools to
improve the plants at the molecular level. Plant tissue culture is the most important
technique for commercial production and it consist of several propagation techniques.
In this review, the following will be discussed after describing what is/are genetic
engineering, transgenic plants, biotechnology: What are global areas of commercial
biotech crops? Why do farmers grow transgenic crops? How has the adoption of
plant biotechnology impacted the environment? What is the plant biotech’s impact
in developed and in developing countries? In addition to these, techniques available
for in vitro propagation, tissue culture requirements, as well as establishments
and personel needs for such programs are outlined. Factors need consideration for
establishing a large scale production of in vitro plants is also discussed. A survey
of commercial companies that utilizes the tissue culture technology around the
world, as well as Turkey is presented. The economic feasibility of investment in mass
propagation of plants through tissue culture, in addition to cost-benefit analysis of
such project is also discussed.